His titles and positions range from Chief Economist and Economy Adviser at Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA, per its acronym in Spanish) from 1996 to 1999 to Economy Professor from 2000 to 2001 toMayor of Chacao (a Municipality in Caracas) from 2000 to 2008 (two terms). In 2008, Hugo Chávez’s administration barred López from running for public office, accusing him of corruption and misuse of public funds. These accusations led to calls for his arrest. After much pressure from the government, López turned himself in on Feb 18, 2014. On April 4, 2014, López was charged with counts of public incitement, property damage, arson, and conspiracy. These charges led to a conviction of 13 years and 9 months. Venezuela’s Supreme Court granted López house arrest due to health implications in July 2017. Soon after, he was taken back to jail after expressing opposition to a controversial election that would allow Maduro to illegitimately consolidate his power. On August 5, 2017, López returned to house arrest.
On April 30, 2019, López appeared along with Interim President Juan Guaidó in a video from La Carlota Military Base in Caracas calling for military support in what has been called “the final phase of Liberty Operation”. In his second tweet since 2017, he said: “I was released by the military on the order of the Constitution and President Guaidó.” Currently, Leopoldo López is in Venezuela as a guest at the Embassy of Spain in Caracas, while continue working against the Maduro regime.